In the last few decades the applications of piezoelectrics to sensors have witnessed a dramatic acceleration and new devices and materials have been discovered. Some of the highlights include electrostrictive materials for positioners, relaxor-normal ferroelectric single crystals with very high electromechanical couplings for medical transducers, thin/thick PZT films for microelectromechanical systems, starting from a sophisticated chemical technology, and multilayer actuators fabricated by a cofiring technique. All will make a remarkable industrial impact in the 21st century.
Preface. List of Participants. I: Fundamentals on Ferroelectrics Piezoelectrics and Relaxors. Piezo-, pyro-, and ferroelectricity in biological materials; V.V. Lemanov. Piezo-, pyro- and ferroelectric polymers; S. Bauer, et al. The kinetic and scattering of nonequilibrium phonons by domain walls and grain boundaries in monocrystal and ceramics of BaTiO3; S.N. Ivanov, et al. Ferroelectrics with periodically layered domain structure: computer simulation of acoustical properties; A.N. Podlipenets, L.P. Zinchuk. Structure and properties of novel Pb (B, 1/2 Nb 1/2)O3-PbTiO3 binary systems with high piezoelectric coupling; A. Sternberg, et al. Nano-size ferroelectric structures; M. Alexe, et al. Influence of Bi and Y additions on the electromechanical anisotropy of lead titanate ceramics; L. Amarande, et al. Bi4Ti3O12 - Based piezoelectric ceramics for high temperature applications; M. Villegas, et al. II: Powder Preparation and Processing. Influence of processing parameters on the properties of PZT materials; C. Galassi, et al. Smart structures by integrated piezoelectric thin fibers; D. Sporn, et al. Hydrothermal synthesis and processing of undoped and doped BaTiO3 fine particles; J. Yang, J.M.F. Ferreira. Chemical processing of PbTiO3/Organic hybrid and Pb (Zr, Ti)O3 thick films; S. Hirano, et al. Preparation and characterization of thick piezoelectric films on alumina substrates; P. Gonnard, et al. III: Microstructural and Piezoelectric Characterisation. Nonlinear piezoelectric response in ferroelectric ceramics; D. Damjanovic. Influence of microstructure on microscopic and macroscopic strain behavior of soft PZT ceramics; M. Hammer, et al. The effect of static compressive stress on the high field dielectric properties of hard PZT ceramics; D.A. Hall, et al. Stress dependence of the piezoelectric, dielectric and elastic properties of PZT ceramics; S.W. Mahon, et al. Switching of ferroelectric nanostructures; C. Harnagea, et al. Measurement and simulation of the electromechanical behaviour of piezoelectric stack transducers; H. Janoch, B. Clephas. 0.9PMN-0.1PT ceramics: from electromechanical properties to applications via nanostructural characterization; M. Lejeune, et al. Solid-state 25Mg, 45Sc and 93Nb MAS NMR studies: local B-site chemical environments and ordering in Pb)Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN) and related relaxor ferroelectrics; J.J. Fitzgerald, et al. Piezoelectric properties of proton-exchanged optical waveguides; D. yplis, R. Rimeika. A novel tool for experimental analysis of surface phenomena; V.I. Anisimkin, et al. The influence of the material constants and mass-loading on coupling coefficient of monolithic filters; I. Mateescu, G. Pop. IV: Processing and Characterisation of Films. Thick and composite piezoelectric coatings for biomedical and high temperature ultrasound; M. Sayer, et al. Pulsed-laser deposition and characterization of thin films; D. Bauerle, et al. Correlated compositional, morphological and electrical characterization of PLD piezoelectric thin films; F. Craciun, et al. Piezoelectric thin films for high frequency electroacoustic devices; P. Verardi. Photoelectric and dielectric spectroscopy study of PZT thin film electronic structure; V.K. Yarmarkin. The influence of interface on the spontaneous polarisation in PbTiO3 thin films deposited o